Know Your Risks
Risks of high LDL
As LDL cholesterol stick to the walls of arteries, white blood cells attempt to digest them to protect the blood vessels. During this process, the white blood cells transform the LDL to a toxic form. More white blood cells and other cells migrate to the area, creating inflammation in the artery wall. Eventually, this creates plaque in the artery wall, and as plaque grows, the artery becomes blocked. An even greater danger than the slow blockage is a sudden rupture of the surface of the plaque, which can cause a blood clot and ultimately a heart attack.
Risks of heart disease
- Family History
- Low HDL-C
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Not enough exercise
Warning signs of a heart attack
In men, uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of your chest that lasts more than a few minutes or goes away and comes back is a sign of a heart attack. Other symptoms include discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach, also shortness of breath, cold sweat, nausea and lightheadedness.
As with men, women’s most common heart attack symptom is chest pain or discomfort. However, women are somewhat more likely than men to experience some of the other common symptoms, particularly shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting and back or jaw pain